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Arthur Herman: Biden Weakened the U.S. on the World Stage. China Is Taking Advantage

What we saw at the G-20 summit in Bali was a diminished Biden and a lean and hungry Xi. At the G-20 summit in Bali, we've seen the first face-to-face meeting between the weakest American president since Jimmy Carter, and the toughest and most powerful Chinese leader since Mao. Of course, it was a debacle, with Biden trying to pretend that President Xi Jinping doesn't hold the trump cards right now in the U.S.–China confrontation. But it didn't have to be this way.

Biden led us here, step by disastrous step.

First came the debacle in Afghanistan in July–August 2021. In just six weeks Biden handed over to our enemy the country where 22,000 Americans were wounded or killed during a two-decade war. This entire operation turned out to be a monument to indecent haste reinforced by incompetence, leaving the rest of the world, including Beijing, to draw the appropriate lesson about the new American president.

Then came the failure to anticipate the Russian invasion of Ukraine, followed by the agonizingly slow response, with the United States belatedly putting weapons into Ukrainian hands that should have been in-country months before — all with no clear plan for what the U.S. would do if Putin overran Ukraine or seized its Black Sea ports. It's not clear there's even a plan now, except to let the blood continue to flow.

As for dealing with China, Biden's Justice Department canceled the Trump-era China Initiative to counter Chinese intelligence operations in the United States, out of concerns that the program might be seen as racist. This decision came even as it turns out Beijing has woven an elaborate espionage network that's more extensive than anything the Soviets ran during the Cold War – while Wall Street and major U.S. firms continue to invest their dollars and do business in China to sustain the economic engine that fuels the PRC's military-industrial complex.

Xi can also see American weakness in our dealings with Iran, where no amount of provocation – even sending drones to kill civilians in Ukraine – seems to deter the Biden administration's determination to get a deal, any deal, over Iran's nuclear program. What other lesson can China draw, except that it can cross virtually any threshold on the strategic front and expect no worse than resigned indignation from America?

China's hand, by contrast, has rarely been stronger.

  • We have President Xi himself confirmed for a third term as the Communist Party leader.
  • After shrugging off the blowback from a belated Covid lockdown, Xi can be confident that China's awesome economic engine will soon rev up again and be back on course to become the world's biggest economy. Even though the International Monetary Fund forecasts that China's GDP will expand by just 4.4 percent in 2023, down from 8.1 percent in 2021, China will still be the world's economic driver in 2023, accounting for 30 percent of aggregate global growth next year — three times greater than the United States
  • Despite hitting some recent speed bumps, Xi's One Belt One Road Initiative, the multitrillion-dollar campaign to rewire the world's infrastructure with Chinese characteristics from South Asia and the Middle East to Latin America and Africa, shows no signs of losing its strategic importance for China's push for global hegemony.
  • China's military buildup continues apace, especially its navy and modernized nuclear arsenal.
  • Biden's green-energy policy has turned out to be a Chinese Trojan horse, given that China makes 80 percent of the world's solar panels and supplies and controls 80 percent of the market for lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles.
  • Meanwhile, China continues to tighten the noose around Taiwan, making 465 intrusions into Taiwan's airspace this year and even firing ballistic missiles over the island itself.

To face this formidable juggernaut, the administration has no clear direction, just a laundry list of aspirations piled up in its recently released National Security Strategy and National Defense Strategy. As with Biden's meeting with Xi, they can be summed up as offering the forlorn hope that, whatever our differences with China, someday we can work together on climate change.

Perhaps the most ludicrous result of the Bali meeting was the White House's claim that Biden and Xi agreed to work together on health and food security, when Biden was too timid to bring up the origins of Covid or the need to get to the bottom of what happened in those Wuhan labs — for China's sake as well as ours. Nor did fentanyl, the major killer of young Americans, come up, either.

To Biden's credit, Taiwan did come up, but the president seems to misunderstand what the goal with regard to the island democracy needs to be. It isn't to prevent a war over Taiwan. It's to prevent a Chinese takeover of Taiwan, even at the risk of war.

Biden has signaled before that the United States will act in Taiwan's defense in case of a Chinese invasion. But it may be that Afghanistan has allowed Xi to take the full measure of the president he now faces. Xi learned there that in the face of serious difficulties, Biden's response is to knock over the chess board, conceding his opponent the win. That's what Xi clearly hopes will happen with Taiwan, and with the U.S.–China rivalry in general. With no GOP majority in the Senate and only a thin majority in the House to restrain Biden, Xi has to know he has two more years to consolidate his power and move forward with his plans – up to and including Taiwan.

It's true we've had earlier presidents who put us in tough spots in international relations. Think Gerald Ford after the collapse of Saigon, or Jimmy Carter after the Iran hostage-rescue disaster, or even JFK after the Bay of Pigs and the building of the Berlin Wall. American strength and confidence came back, every time.

But it's going to take a different president, and a very different strategic mind-set, to get us safely back from the disastrous road to Bali.

Arthur Herman is a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, a Pulitzer Prize finalist, and the author, most recently, of The Viking Heart: How Scandinavians Conquered the World.

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Posted: November 16, 2022 Wednesday 06:30 AM